françois boussu



Mechanics Textile Composites Group

  • Research skill : Weaving technology (Design and Production), 3D fabrics for composite material, Impact protection solutions (soft: stab and ballistic body armour – hard: armouring of vehicles against IEDs, Armour Piercing ammunitions, FSP and blast)
  • CNU 60

Research interests

• Textile and composite materials, design and manufacturing of woven structures (2D and 3D weaving)
• Textile composite solutions for low and high speed ballistic impacts (body armour or armouring of vehicles).

Students Supervision (in progress)

18 PhD thesis Supervisor

94 Master thesis Supervisor 


68 Peer reviewed international publications
10 Patents
16 Book chapters
215 Publications in Proceedings of National and International Conferences


Below are the list of selected ongoing projects that François BOUSSU is a Principal Investigator (PI) or co-PI

National research programs :

AIDE project – Design a software to analyse and integrate electronic data for a better forecasting of technical and commercial issues. Scientific Participant,
ANR-NUMTISS project Achieve a platform of software tools of modelling and simulation of the weaving process for composite material. Main coordinator,
COMPOMET – Build a consortium of 14 European partners to deal with new designs of composite and metallic assembly applied to hybrid structures, including self monitoring of joining (ANR MRSEI 2016), Scientific coordinator,
BLAST3D+ – Find new protective solutions to blast effect (ANR ASTRID 2017), Main coordinator.

International research programs :

MAPICC 3D project – design and produce fibrous thermoplastic reinforcements for composite material for ground transportation applications (automotive, truck and railway) and also carbon fibres solutions for aeronautic sector. WP leader as Dissemination Manager of European research program MAPICC 3D,
EPIDARM project – identify different soft protections for NRBC and ballistic impact. WP leader of fibrous reinforcement for protective solution,
IMS&CPS project – produce fabrics with carbon nano-tubes yarns for composite applications. WP leader of production of carbon nanotube fabric,
RESIST project – build an European research network for border regions as France and Belgium. Main coordinator of INTEREG III project.
TRITEX project – propose e-learning training modules on smart textile research and applications also with European Border regions as France and Belgium. Scientific participant,
PHC TOUBKAL 2018  – design and produce 3D textile composite material made with Moroccan bio-sourced resources. Main coordinator.

Private research programs :

develop fabrics made with shape memory alloy yarns as fibrous reinforcement for composite material and soft protection solution against impact,
define the forming properties of thermoplastic fabrics made with commingled yarns (E-glass and polypropylene),
TEXTILE ANALYSIS project  – design and compute software for the analysis and prediction of sales forecasting of textile items ,
Store PV project – integrate soft solar cells on woven structure as roller blind for green energy storage applications,
OSEO projects -design and produce a complete prototype weaving machine adapted for the production of 3D warp interlock fabric samples used in ballistic protection,
REI-SAFE and MAT-IED projects – identify hard protection solution for armouring of vehicles against IEDs at different impact velocities,
REI-SNCTex project – develop new solutions of ballistic protection with carbon nano-tubes yarns,
EPICE project – design and produce a prototype weaving machine adapted for carbon yarns,
DGA RTD Ph-D CIFRE project – study the material behaviour of composite material against ammunition impacts and blast for military vehicles (Internal projects),
OENO Protech – develop new protective and interactive solutions for the vineyard,
SAFRAN NACELLES – achieve 3D fibrous reinforcement for composite with various thicknesses and widths,
CNRS UMR 168 – IPPG Paris – design and produce micro-fluidic textile structure for medical drug screening applications.



François BOUSSU, Sébastien PICARD, Damien SOULAT, Interesting Mechanical Properties of 3D Warp Interlock Fabrics, , Chapter 1 of Narrow and smart Textiles, pp. 21-31, book edited by Y. Kyosev, B. Mathig, A. Schwartz-Pfeiffer, Springer International Publishing AG, , Published: February 2018

François BOUSSU, Nicolas TRFIGNY, Cédric COCHRANE, Vladan KONCAR, chapter 17, Fibrous sensors to help the monitoring of weaving process, Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles, Edited by: Vladan Koncar, pp 375-400, ISBN: 978-0-08-100574-3, 

Caroline CHEVALIER, Christophe KERISIT, Andreas KLAVZAR, Daniel COUTELLIER, François BOUSSU, Chapter 7, Measurements of dynamic properties of ballistic yarns using innovative testing devices, Woodhead Publishing – Elsevier, Advanced Fibrous Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection, Edited by Dr Xiaogang Chen, Pages 199–215, ISBN: 978 1 782 424611,  

François BOUSSU, Les tissus 3D interlocks chaines Définition et applications, Editions Universitaires Européennes, Éditeur: Irène Arser, ISBN: 978-3-8417-2837-1, 265 pages, 2016.


Ahmed ABED, Cédric COCHRANE, François BOUSSU, Omar CHERKAOUI, Reddad ELMOZNINE, Julien VIEILLARD, Piezo-Resistive Properties of Bio-Based Sensor Yarn Made With Sisal Fibre, Sensors, June 2021,

Quentin WATEL, Cedric COCHRANE, François BOUSSU, Local measurement of dynamic strain of impacted woven structure, Sensors and Actuators: A, 2021,

Benjamin BARTHOD-MALAT, Cédric COCHRANE, François BOUSSU, Development of Piezoresistive Sensor Yarn to Monitor Local Fabric Elongation, Textiles 2021 (Open access), 1, 170–184.

Zineb SAMOUH, Ahmed ABED, Omar CHERKAOUI, Damien SOULAT, Ahmad Rashed LABANIEH, Francois BOUSSU, Reddad EL-MOZNINE, Investigation on the Properties of 3D Warp Interlock Fabrics based on Moroccan Sisal Yarns as Reinforcement for Composite Materials, Journal of Natural Fibers, June 2021,

Zineb SAMOUH, Omar CHERKAOUI, Damien SOULAT, Ahmad Rashed LABANIEH, Francois BOUSSU, Reddad EL-MOZNINE, Identification of the physical and mechanical properties of Moroccan sisal yarns used as reinforcements for composite materials, Fibers 2021 (Open access), 9(2), 13;

Zineb SAMOUH, Kolos MOLNÁR, Sándor HAJBA, François BOUSSU, Omar CHERKAOUI, Reddad EL MOZNINE Elaboration and characterization of biocomposite based on polylactic acid and moroccan sisal fiber as reinforcement », Polymer Composites, Volume 42, Issue 8, August 2021, Pages 3812-3826,

Mehmet KORKMAZ, Ayşe OKUR, Ahmad Rashed LABANIEH, Francois BOUSSU, Investigation of the mechanical and forming behaviour of 3D warp interlock carbon woven fabrics for complex shape of composite material, Journal of Industrial Textiles, January 11, 2021,

Mengru LI, Peng WANG, Francois BOUSSU, Damien SOULAT, Investigation of impact performance of 3-dimensional interlock polymer fabrics in double and multi-angle pass stabbing, Materials & Design, Volume 206, August 2021, 109775,

Mulat Alubel ABTEW, Francois BOUSSU, Pascal BRUNIAUX, Yan HONG, Dynamic Impact Surface Damage Analysis of 3D Woven Para-Aramid Armour Panels Using NDI Technique, Polymers (open access), 2021, 13(6), 877;

Mulat Alubel ABTEW, Francois BOUSSU, Pascal BRUNIAUX, Dynamic impact protective body armor: A comprehensive appraisal on panel engineering design and its prospective materials, Defence Technology, Available online 26 March 2021,

Francois BOUSSU, Mulat Alubel ABTEW, Pascal BRUNIAUX, 3D Warp Interlock Fabric Structure and their Applications in Soft and Hard Armour Protections. Appl Compos Mater (2021).

Henri LANSIAUX, Ahmad Rashed LABANIEH, Damien SOULAT, Francois BOUSSU, Development and multiscale characterization of 3D warp interlock flax fabrics with different woven architectures for composite applications, Fibers 2020 (Open access), 8, 15;

Henri LANSIAUX, Ahmad Rashed LABANIEH, Damien SOULAT, François BOUSSU, Flax roving twisting preparation for weaving and effect of the weft layers number on the physical and mechanical properties of 3D interlock flax fabric. SN Appl. Sci. 2, 249 (2020).

Mengru LI, Peng WANG, François BOUSSU, Damien SOULAT, A review on the mechanical performance of three-dimensional warp interlock woven fabrics as reinforcement in composites. Journal of Industrial Textiles, First published in January 09, 2020,

Mengru LI, Peng WANG, François BOUSSU, Damien SOULAT, Effect of Fabric Architecture on Tensile Behaviour of the High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene 3-Dimensional Interlock Composite Reinforcements, Polymers 2020 (Open access), 12 (5), 1045; .

Mulat Alubel ABTEW, Francois BOUSSU, Pascal BRUNIAUX, Carmen LOGHIN, Irina CRISTIAN, Effect of Structural Parameters on the deformational Behaviors of Multiply 3D Layer-by-Layer Angle-Interlock Para-aramid fabric for fiber-reinforcement composite, Journal of composite sciences, volume 4, number 145, 2020,

Mengru LI, Peng WANG, François BOUSSU, Damien SOULAT, Dynamic stab resistance of multi-ply three-dimensional warp interlock fabrics with high-performance high-molecular-weight polyethylene yarns for protective applications, Journal of Industrial Textiles, First Published October 22, 2020,

Mulat Alubel ABTEW, Francois BOUSSU, Pascal BRUNIAUX, Han LIU, Fabrication and Mechanical Characterization of Dry Three-Dimensional Warp Interlock Para-Aramid Woven Fabrics: Experimental Methods toward Applications in Composite Reinforcement and Soft Body Armor. Materials 2020 (open access), 13, 4233,

Mulat Alubel ABTEW, Francois BOUSSU, Pascal Bruniaux, Carmen Loghin, Irina Cristian, Enhancing the Ballistic Performances of 3D Warp Interlock Fabric Through Internal Structure as New Material for Seamless Female Soft Body Armor Development, Applied Sciences 2020 (open access), 10(14), 4873;

Henri LANSIAUX, Anne-Clémence CORBIN, Damien SOULAT, François BOUSSU, Manuella FERREIRA, Ahmad Rashed LABANIEH, Identification du comportement mécanique de tissu 3D Interlock Chaine à base de Mèches De Lin, Revue des Composites et des Matériaux Avancés, Vol. 29, No. 5, Octobre, 2019, pp. 305-313,

Arthur VOISIN, Jonathan PARIENTE, Sébastien LEMERCIER, Damien SOULAT, Francois BOUSSU, Different Composite Behaviours under Blast Loading, 2019, September, volume = 812, pages 84-91, Advanced Materials for Defense, Key Engineering Materials, publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd,

François BOUSSU, Benjamin PROVOST, Marie LEFEBVRE, Daniel COUTELLIER, “New Textile Composite Solutions for Armouring of Vehicles,” Advances in Materials Science and Engineering (Open access), vol. 2019, Article ID 7938720, 14 pages, 2019.

Mulat Alubel ABTEW, François BOUSSU, Pascal BRUNIAUX, Carmen LOGHIN, Irina CRISTIAN, Engineering of 3D warp interlock p-aramid fabric structure and its energy absorption capabilities against ballistic impact for body armour applications, Composite Structures, Volume 225, 2019, pp 111-179,

 Mulat Alubel ABTEW, Carmen LOGHIN, Irina CRISTIAN, François BOUSSU, Pascal BRUNIAUX, Yan CHEN, Lichuan WANG, Mouldability and its Recovery Properties of 2D Plain Woven Para-Aramid Fabric for Soft Body Armour Applications, Fibres & Textiles, in Eastern Europe, 2019; 27, Issue 6, volume 138, pp 54-62, DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.4468

Clément DUFOUR, François BOUSSU, Peng WANG, Damien SOULAT, Local strain measurements of yarns inside of 3D warp interlock fabric during forming process, International Journal of Material Forming, volume 11, number 6, pp 775-788, ISSN 1960-6206, 2018,

Mulat Alubel ABTEW, François BOUSSU, Pascal BRUNIAUX, Carmen LOGHIN, Irina CRISTIAN, Yan CHEN, Lichuan WANG, Forming characteristics and surface damages of stitched multi-layered para-aramid fabrics with various stitching parameters for soft body armour design, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Volume 109, June 2018, Pages 517-537,

Anne Clémence CORBIN, Axel KECECI, Francois BOUSSU, Manuela FERREIRA, Damien SOULAT, Engineering design and mechanical property characterisation of 3D warp interlock woven fabrics, Applied Composite Materials, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 811–822, August 2018,

Mulat Alubel ABTEW, Pascal BRUNIAUX, François BOUSSU, Carmen LOGHIN, Irina CRISTIAN, Yan CHEN, Lichuan WANG, Development of comfortable and well-fitted bra pattern for customized female soft body armor through 3D design process of adaptive bust on virtual mannequin, Computers in Industry, Volume 100, September 2018, Pages 7-20,

Mulat Alubel ABTEW, Pascal BRUNIAUX; François BOUSSU; Carmen LOGHIN; Irina CRISTIAN; Yan CHEN, Lichuan WANG, Female seamless soft body armor pattern design system with innovative reverse engineering approaches, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, first on line 04/07/2018,

Mulat Alubel ABTEW, François BOUSSU, Pascal BRUNIAUX, Carmen LOGHIN, Irina CRISTIAN, Yan CHEN, Lichuan WANG, Influences of fabric density on mechanical and moulding behaviours of 3D warp interlock para-aramid fabrics for soft body armour application, Composite Structures, 204, pp 402–418, 2018, .

 Mulat Alubel ABTEW, Carmen LOGHIN, Irina CRISTIAN, Yan CHEN, Lichuan WANG, Pascal BRUNIAUX, Francois BOUSSU, A systematic pattern generation system for manufacturing customized seamless multi-layer female soft body armor through dome-formation using 3D warp interlock fabrics, Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 49 (2018); 61–74,

 Zineb SAMOUH, Kolos MOLNAR, Francois BOUSSU, Omar CHERKAOUI, Reddad EL MOZNINE, Mechanical and thermal characterization of sisal fiber reinforced polylactic acid composites, Polymers for Advanced Technologies, 2018, pp 1–9, on-line ISSN :1042-7147,

 Anne-Clémence CORBIN, Francois BOUSSU, Manuela FERREIRA, Damien SOULAT, Influence of 3D Warp Interlock fabrics parameters made with flax rovings on their final mechanical behaviour, Journal of Industrial Textiles, Article first published online: November 4, 2018; 1-22,

Henri LANSIAUX, Damien SOULAT, Francois BOUSSU, Ahmad Rashed LABANIEH, Manufacture and characterization of 3D warp interlock fabric made of flax roving, in IOP Conference Series : Materials Science and Engineering , 2018, vol. 406, p. 12040.

Caroline CHEVALIER, Christophe KERISIT, François BOUSSU, Daniel COUTELLIER, Norbert FADERL, Andreas KLAVZAR, A new experimental setup to characterize the dynamic mechanical behaviour of ballistic yarns, Measurement Science and Technology, 2016, Volume 27, Number 10, pages 105902,

Francois BOUSSU, François CHARLEUX, Matthieu DECRETTE, Tissage 3D Procédé et produits, Techniques de l’ingénieur Textiles industriels, 2021/06/10, DOI: 10.51257/a-v1-n4615,

Anna Maria GRANCARIC, Ivona JERKOVIC, Clement DUFOUR, François BOUSSU, Xavier LEGRAND, Vladan KONCAR, Glass/polypropylene sensor yarns integration during weaving of 2D structure, Tekstilec. ISSN 2350-3696, Slovenia, June, 2016.


  • Production and Performance of technical textiles
  • Weaving. Products and Processes
  • Multi-architectural textile materials
  • Protection and comfort
  • Textiles and Fashion