stéphane giraud



Multifunctional Textiles and Processes Group

  • section CNU 33

Research interests

Theme 1: Implementation of flame retardant (FR) textile: (a) development of FR agents by microencapulation process, (b) development of FR nanocomposite formulations for fiber by melt spinning, (c) development of FR coating, (d) development of bio-based FR textile

Theme 2: Implementation of textile with controlled release of active substances: (a) development of microencapulation processes, (b) development of bio-based formulation

Theme 3: Implementation of protective textile against mechanical aggressions (development of cut and stab resistant knitting structures)

Theme 4: Implementation of connected knitting structures (integration of conductive yarns and sensors)

Research skills

  • knitting structures and processes,
  • smart textiles,
  • stab and cut resistant textile,
  • polymers,
  • fire retardancy principles,
  • thermal and fire reaction characterizations,
  • microencapsulation,
  • bio-based formulations


2014-2020 – Participation to European program « SMDTex » ERAMUS-MONDUS project (Sustainable Management and Design for Textiles). Participation to the supervision of 4 PhD in joint supervision with Politecnico di Torino (Italy) and Soochow University (China).

2014-2019 – Participation to the project « IOTFETMOV » (Fetal Movement Monitoring by Internet of Things and Smart Clothing), with university hospital center of Lille, Hangzhou Dianzi University (China) et Jiangnan University (China) – leader on the development and the characterization of knitted structures with targeted mechanical and electronic properties – Funding: ANR France – China.

2010-2014 – Participation to the project « INTIMIRE » (Development of textile products with improved fire performance) – leader on the fire reaction of materials – Funding: Europe 7e PCRD (Research for SME Associations) and Nord-Pas de Calais

2010-2013 – Scientific co-coordinator of the project « BIOCOMPALFA » (Implementation and characterization of biosourced composite materials). Program of the Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (Mediterranean Inter-University Scientific Research Project), with the Faculty of Sciences of the Mohamed Premier University of Oujda (Morocco) and the University of Sciences and Technology Mohamed Boudiaf of Oran (Algeria).

2009-2013 – Scientific coordinator of the project « INTUMAT » (Development of INTUmescent polyester fibers for the manufacture of textile covering materials) coordinated by ALSTOM Transport – Funding: National (DGCIS) and Nord-Pas de Calais Region. Co-supervision of a doctoral thesis.

2004-2008 – Participation in 2 « ECOS NORD » projects (Evaluation-orientation of Scientific Cooperation – Program of scientific and university cooperation with Spanish-speaking America) with the University of Antioquia (Medellín, Colombia) – Reinforcement of fibers and elastomer by nanofillers.


  • Massella D., Giraud S., Guan J., Ferri A., Salaün F. Manufacture Techniques of Chitosan Based Microcapsules to Enhance Functional Properties of Textiles (2019) Sustainable Agriculture Reviews Vol.35: Chitin and Chitosan: History, Fundamentals and Innovations. Edited by Crini G., Lichtfouse E., Publisher: Springer Nature, pp. 303-336, ISBN 978-3-030-16538-3

  • Mandlekar N., Cayla A., Rault F., Giraud S., Salaün F., Malucelli G., Guan J. Chapter 9 – An Overview on the Use of Lignin and Its Derivatives in Fire Retardant Polymer Systems (2018) Lignin – Trends and Applications. Edited by  Matheus Poletto, Publisher: InTech, pp. 207-231, ISBN 978-953-51-3901-0

  • Roy J., Salaün F., Giraud S., Ferri A., Chen G., Guan J. Chapter 7 – Solubility of Chitin: Solvents, Solution Behaviors and Their Related Mechanisms – (2017) Solubility of Polysaccharides. Edited by  Xu Z., Publisher: InTech, pp. 109-127, ISBN 978-953-51-3649-1

  • Roy J., Salaün F., Giraud S., Ferri A., Guan J. Chapter 12 – Chitosan based Sustainable Textile Technology: Process, Mechanism, Innovation and Safety (2017) Biological Activities and Application of Marine Polysaccharides. Edited by  Shalaby E. A., Publisher: InTech, pp. 251-278, ISBN 978-953-51-2859-5

  • Rault F., Giraud S., Salaün F. Chapter 6 – Flame Retardant/Resistant Based Nanocomposites in Textile – (2015) Flame Retardants – Polymer Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites. Edited by Visakh, P. M., Arao, Yoshihiko, Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, Germany, pp. 131-166, ISBN 978-3-319-03467-6

  • Salaün F., Giraud S., Vroman I., Rault F.Chapter 10 – A Review of Microencapsulation of Flame Retardant Formulations suitable for Application in Polypropylene Textile Substrates – (2013) Polypropylene: Synthesis, Applications and Environmental Concerns. Edited by Nova Science Publishers Inc, Hauppauge NY, United States of America, pp. 195-222, ISBN 978-162-4-17142-0

  • Giraud S. – Microencapsulation d’un diisocyanate et d’un phosphate d’ammonium – Application: élaboration d’un système polyuréthane monocomposant à propriété retardatrice de flamme pour l’enduction textile. – (2010) Editions universitaires européennes, ISBN 978-613-1-50325-2

  • Giraud S., Castrovinci A., Vroman I., Camino G., Bourbigot S. – Thermal stability and fire performance of polypropylene loaded with microencapsulated ammonium phosphate (2008) Advances in the Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials: Current perspectives presented at FRPM’05. Edited by Bernhard Schartel and published by Broschiert – Books on Demand GmbH (BoD),


Until June 2022

  • 7 book chapters ;
  • 1 book ;
  • 1 national patent ;
  • 1 European patent ;
  • 44 papers in international peer-reviewed journals ;
  • 4 invited conferences ;
  • 13 oral communications with act ;
  • 64 communications (oral or poster) in international or national congress.


  • Knitting technologies;
  • Design and characterization of high performance (mechanical, thermal or flame stress) knitting structures;
  • Fire retardancy of polymers and textiles
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